Open source software (OSS) has gained significant importance in the software industry with extensive development and is now widely accepted as a new business model. The open source model is now much more acceptable due to the lower degree of defects and errors than proprietary software.

Technical variations

Open source software, as the name suggests, allows accessibility to the source code of a software program for making changes to the software. Accessibility issues involve drafting the software license in a way that allows access to the source code. While, in proprietary software, the source code is not shared, viewed and modified. All changes are made by the software developer according to the license agreement. Users of proprietary software are required to purchase any existing software updates from the software publisher, as users are prohibited from copying, distributing and modifying the software.

Although deviations have altered the arrangement between a proprietary software vendor and customer, users are permitted to view and modify the source code without distributing it to others. An example would be Microsoft’s Shared Source Initiative (SSI) which allows users to tailor their proprietary software to their needs by allowing them to make changes to the source code.

Usability

An important point of difference between open source and proprietary software is the usability element. OSS not reviewed by professional testers doesn’t appeal to a wider audience. Users generally discuss the problems associated with an OSS in forums, online communities that have good documentation, news groups, and even live chat to review and change the code base against proprietary software.

Improved customer targeting

Users of open source software act as both innovators and users. Software is targeted at users and proprietary software, whose users and developers, are different, so user requirements and expectations from the software may not be measured correctly. Open source software allows for greater customization.

Cost factor

OSS versions are released regularly and are free. Proprietary software versions are released from time to time and must be purchased. High-priced mandatory antivirus protection, upgrade fees, support fees, and vendor lockdown mean high technology costs for a company that opts for a proprietary model.

Interoperability

Open source software is better at sticking to open standards in relation to other companies, computers, users and is not limited to proprietary data formats. เล่นพนันผ่านแอพ

Innovation

OSS enables high levels of innovation by a large number of qualified people who can make changes to the source code to improve performance based on user requests and requirements. Proprietary software involves huge research and development costs by a limited number of developers who write the code. The size of the team may change with new candidates who may or may not have the ability to fully understand and write particular code with the same level of efficiency.

Safety

Due to the organizational nature, proprietary software is developed by a team of developers with a common goal in a limited environment. The source code is only accessible to team members who can modify the source code as per requirements. This greatly reduces the chances of errors and bug penetration into the source code. The security level of the software against viruses is quite high in a proprietary model. With the OSS model, software is developed in a controlled situation, in a non-continuous structure, without a single goal and without communication between software developers. Lack of validation increases the chance of viruses.

However, there is a downside. In open source software, many people can access and view the source code, thus making the possibility of bug detection quite certain. Quoting Linus Torvalds, founder of LINUX, “With enough eyes, all bugs are superficial.” OSS allows many more people to view and test the code, thus making flaw detection and correction quite feasible. Bugs found in open source are fixed faster. Proprietary software developers, on the other hand, could take weeks or even months to track down a flaw and correct it.

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